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Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer
» Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer is a fully polymerized copolymer of acrylic and methacrylic acid esters with a low content of quaternary ammonium groups. The assay requirements differ for the two types as set forth in the accompanying table.
Ammonio methacrylate units,
dried basis (%)
Type Min. Max.
A 8.85 11.96
B 4.48 6.77
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight containers, and store at a temperature not exceeding 30.
Labeling— Label it to state whether it is Type A or Type B.
B: Pour a few mL of the solution prepared for the Viscosity test onto a polytef sheet or glass plate, and allow the solvent to evaporate: a clear film results.
Viscosity 911 Place 52.5 g of isopropyl alcohol and 35.0 g of acetone in a conical flask having a ground-glass joint. Add a quantity of Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer, accurately weighed and equivalent to 12.5 g of solids on a dried basis, while stirring until the polymer has dissolved completely. Equip a suitable rotational viscosimeter with an adapter system consisting of a measuring cylinder and a spindle. The measuring cylinder has an internal diameter of 2.762 cm and a depth of 13.50 cm; the spindle is 2.515 cm in diameter, 9.074 cm in height, and has a shaft 0.40 cm in diameter. Transfer 16 mL of the solution into the measuring cylinder, and adjust the temperature of the solution and the adapter to 20 ± 0.1. With the spindle rotating at 30 rpm, immediately observe and record the scale reading. Convert the scale reading to centipoises by multiplying the reading by the constant for the viscosimeter, adapter system, and speed employed. The viscosity is not more than 15 centipoises.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum at 80 for 5 hours: it loses not more than 3.0% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.1%.
Limit of monomers—
Sodium perchlorate solution— Dissolve 3.5 g of sodium perchlorate (NaClO4·H2O) in 100 mL of water.
Mobile phase— Dilute phosphoric acid with water to obtain a solution having a pH of 2.0. Mix four volumes of this solution with one volume of methanol, filter, and degas. Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Standard solution— Dissolve 80 mg of ethyl acrylate and 10 mg of methyl methacrylate in 50 mL of methanol.
Standard preparation— Dilute 1 mL of the Standard solution with methanol to 100 mL. Add 10 mL of this solution to 5 mL of Sodium perchlorate solution.
Test preparation— Dissolve 5 g of Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer in methanol, and dilute with the same solvent to 50 mL. Add 5 mL of Sodium perchlorate solution dropwise to 10 mL of this solution while continuously stirring. Remove the precipitated polymer by centrifugation. Use the clear supernatant.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 202-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 12-cm column that contains packing L1. The flow rate is about 2 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Standard preparation, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the resolution, R, of the pair of analytes is not less than 1.0; the capacity factors, k ¢, for ethyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate are about 9.8 and 11.3, respectively; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0% for each analyte.
Procedure— Separately inject equal volumes (about 50 µL) of the Standard preparation and the Test preparation into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of ethyl acrylate in the portion of Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer taken by the formula:
0.8(rU / rS),
in which rU and rS are the peak responses of ethyl acrylate obtained from the Test preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of methyl methacrylate in the portion of Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer taken by the formula:
0.1(rU / rS),
in which rU and rS are the peak responses of methyl methacrylate obtained from the Test preparation and the Standard preparation, respectively. Not more than 0.005% of methyl methacrylate and not more than 0.025% of ethyl acrylate are found.
Residual solvents 467: meets the requirements.
(Official January 1, 2007)
Assay— Dissolve about 1 g of Ammonio Methacrylate Copolymer Type A, or 2 g of Type B, previously dried and accurately weighed, in a mixture of 96 mL of glacial acetic acid and 4 mL of water. Add 5 mL of mercuric acetate TS and titrate with 0.1 N perchloric acid VS, determining the endpoint potentiometrically. Perform a blank determination and make any necessary correction. Each mL of 0.1 N perchloric acid is equivalent to 20.772 mg of ammonio methacrylate (C9H18ClNO2) units.
Auxiliary Information— Staff Liaison : Hong Wang, Ph.D. , Senior Scientific Associate
Expert Committee : (EM205) Excipient Monographs 2
USP29–NF24 Page 3272
Pharmacopeial Forum : Volume No. 30(5) Page 1666
Phone Number : 1-301-816-8351